You may also want to track your current spending on one sheet with columns for different categories. Some individuals will list the budgeted amount in one column and then list the actual amount spent in the column next to it.
For pure data analysis, the spreadsheet is, indeed, king. To a point...Despite all of these extremely powerful features, the spreadsheet has limitations, which tend to manifest when you least expect it. Often, Murphy's Law applies and the spreadsheet falls over when you are right in the middle of a major undertaking, like month-end or meeting a tight deadline.
The budget spreadsheets are little more advanced than the other as they have to undergo higher and tougher calculations and data entries. The budget planners vary according to the particular budgets. These templates are designed such that it fits the particular budget whether it is a wedding budget or the annual get together budget.
Most spreadsheet applications have built in formulas and functions that will do the math for you so you don't have to. You can keep a running balance of your accounts and you can have each category totaled as well. You can keep it as simple or make it as sophisticated as you please.